Types of injuries


Causes of head & brain injuries

An injury to your brain or skull could occur in any number of ways, but most often they are caused by road traffic accidents. The impact of hitting or being hit by another car can force your head to move in unnatural ways.

A road accident can be even worse if you’re a cyclist, as you have less protection from vehicles and the road, leaving you vulnerable to more severe head injuries. It’s essential, as a bike rider, to always wear protective clothing, including a helmet, to try and limit the likelihood of sustaining a head or brain injury.



Whiplash is a soft tissue injury which occurs in the neck, usually after the head has been jolted forwards, backwards, or sideways, causing a sudden extension of the neck muscles.

Whiplash is usually caused by road accidents. On the point of impact although your body is restrained by the seatbelt but your head and neck isn't - the sudden and unexpected movement of the neck is whiplash.

Symptoms of whiplash

Some sufferers experience neck pain immediately after the accident, and some will notice the symptoms days afterwards. Everyone reacts different to whiplash - The longer it takes for you to experience the symptoms the less likely you will associate it to the accident so in order for you to identify the symptoms of a whiplash injury can include:

  • Headaches
  • Neck pain
  • Pain in the shoulders and arms
  • Dizziness

In severe cases, symptoms can include memory loss, problems concentrating, tinnitus (ringing in the ears) and depression. It is always a good idea to visit your GP if you feel you may have suffered a whiplash injury so that they can recommend the best treatment for you.

The GP's medical records will also be used during your compensation claim as proof that you were diagnosed with the condition.



There are various types of neck injuries that can be caused in an accident. The most severe types are whiplash or a vertebrae fracture, these can be very hard to recover from and they can be very hard to treat. If you have injured your neck in a car accident that wasn’t your fault then Injury Claims Scotland can help.

The most common type of neck injury is whiplash, which is an injury to the soft tissue in the neck. Whiplash neck injuries are usually suffered by people involved in road traffic accidents, particularly car accidents.

Whiplash occurs where the neck is jerked forwards and backwards in sudden movements. Sometimes, the pain from a whiplash type neck injury can take some time to develop.



Shoulder injuries are also common in road accidents particularly car accidents.

Recovery on such an integral joint can take a long time and keep you out of work. In such instances, compensation can be the only way to recover lost earnings and help to make up for the trouble involved in having such an injury.

With any arm, elbow, shoulder or wrist-related injury - if it was the fault of someone else or of a negligible employer.



Injuries to the back can be caused by road traffic accident. These injuries can be very painful and take a long time to heal, in some cases they may never fully heal; these injuries can also prevent mobility. Back injuries can cause pain and limit movement, for many people, this can alter their life significantly. This is why people who have suffered a back injury through someone else's negligence should make a claim for back injury compensation. Treatments for back injuries can include bed rest, ice packs, physical therapy, and in the most severe cases, surgery.



Injuries to the lower body can include injures to the hips, lower back, abdominals, legs, thighs, knees and feet. The injuries could have been acquired from a road traffic accident. If you were injured due to the fault of a third party then Injury Claim Scotland can help you claim compensation. Lower body injuries can be particularly inconvenient, often meaning that you can't walk around, work, look after your children or take part in your favourite hobbies. All of these factors are taken into consideration when deciding how much compensation you will receive if you make a claim and it's successful.

In particular, if you are unable to work, leading to a loss of income, you would be able to claim compensation for the money that you would have earned.

People often think that lower body injuries only apply to your legs and feet, but that isn't true. You can also make a claim for any injuries listed below: 

  • Hip Injury Claims
  • Leg Injury Compensation
  • Groin Injury Claims
  • Knee Injury Compensation



Types of knee injuries

  • Bleeding in the joint: Bleeding can occur when a ligament is torn.
  • Torn meniscus: The meniscus is a part of the knee made of cartilage, which can tear if the knee joint is bent and then twisted.
  • Torn ligament: There is usually a snapping sound when this happens.

Because the knee is a complex joint it can be very difficult to treat/ heal. Sometimes it can require surgery; other times rest and an ice pack can heal the injury. If you have had a knee injury that wasn’t your fault Injury Claim Scotland can help you gain compensation.

Knee injuries are very common and can happen for a number of reasons. Often, they are the results of sports accidents. Knee injuries can also be the result of car accidents as well.

If the knee receives a large impact, or is forced to move in a strange direction or beyond its usual range of movement, this may cause a knee injury. Sometimes it is the bones which are damaged, but more often it is the soft tissue such as ligaments which are affected.


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